Mumps

The skinny on Mumps.

 

  Mumps Treatment

  •  Warm or cool compresses can be applied to the swollen glands to help relieve pain/tenderness  
  • A diet of soft foods and lots of fluids 
  • Eliminate fatty foods  
  • Beta-carotene(vitamin A) helps heal mucous membranes
  • Vitamin C and bioflavonoid help stimulate immune system
  • Zinc-promotes healing and stimulates immune system
  • Arnica or Peppermint Oil used as a rub can relieve headache
  • For restlessness- Chamomile tea
  • Echinacea or goldenseal combination helps to fight viruses and boost immune system. Soothes mucous membranes
  • Castor Oil-soothing to swollen glands (heat but not too hot)and soak clean cotton cloth in it and apply compresses as often as needed

 

 Mumps vaccine can become a risk to men. Young male adults are at risk of Orchitis because they did not catch mumps harmlessly when children. The MMR vaccination has not been effective in conferring full or lasting immunity across an entire population.  As a result, Mumps outbreaks have been pushed into older age groups.  Mumps now circulates in colleges and universities, not only in the U.S. but the U.K. and other countries that routinely vaccinate for Mumps.

  

Mumps in Iowa 2006

 

 Of the 219 cases reported in Iowa, the median patient age was 21 years (range: 3–85 years), with 48% of patients aged 17–25 years; 30% (34 of 114) were known to be college students. Of the 133 patients with investigated vaccine history, 87 (65%) had documentation of receiving 2 doses, 19 (14%) 1 dose, and eight (6%) no doses; vaccine status could not be documented in 19 (14%) patients. Among the 114 patients for whom symptomatic information was available, the most common symptoms were parotitis in 94 (83%) patients, submaxillary/sublingual gland swelling in 46 (40%), fever in 41 (36%), and sore throat in 36 (32%); average duration of illness was 5.1 days. Six (5%) patients reported complications (e.g., orchitis); one suspected case of encephalitis is being investigated. As of March 28, 2006, investigators had determined that only 36 (16%) of the 219 cases were linked epidemiologically (i.e., a source of infection was identified), suggesting frequent unapparent transmission. 

Despite control efforts and a highly vaccinated population, this epidemic has spread across Iowa and potentially to neighboring states.

 

Maine Outbreak 2007

The Mumps vaccine may need adjusting according to researchers. Scientists at the CDC investigated the Mumps cases and found that most of them were in people who had been vaccinated. College students were especially vulnerable during the outbreaks, even though they had received two doses of the vaccine as children. Immunity from the vaccine appears to wear off over time in some patients.

Summary of Maine Mumps Data 2007-2008

 

Long-Term Persistence of Mumps Antibody after Receipt of 2 Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccinations and Antibody Response after a Third MMR Vaccination among a University Population.   (The Journal of Infectious Diseases 2008;197:1662–1668)

 

Conclusions.  Lower levels of NA observed among persons who received MMR2 15 years ago demonstrates antibody decay over time. MMR3 vaccination of most seronegative persons marked the capacity to mount an anamnestic response.

 Most of the college students who got the mumps in a big outbreak in 2006 had received the recommended two vaccine shots, according to a study that raises questions about whether a new vaccine or another booster shot is needed.

 

Mumps Cases Stun Experts

Most students sickened in 2006 had the recommended two vaccine shots, stirring debate on possible changes.

 Nearly 6,600 people became sick with the mumps, mostly in eight Midwestern states, and the hardest-hit group was college students ages 18 to 24. Of those in that group who knew whether they had been vaccinated, 84 percent had had two mumps shots, according to the study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state health departments.

That “two-dose vaccine failure” startled public health experts, who hadn’t expected immunity to wane so soon — if at all.

The mumps virus involved was a relatively new strain in the U.S., not the one targeted by the vaccine; although there’s evidence the shots work well against the new strain.

 

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